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From BPH, which occurs in 50% of men above 40 years

Frequent urination

Frequent
urination

Urine urgency

Urine
urgency

Trouble starting urination

Trouble starting
urination

All About BPH

1

What is benign prostatic hyperplasia?

Benign prostatic hyperplasia - also called BPH - is a condition in men in which the prostate gland is enlarged and not cancerous. Benign prostatic hyperplasia is also called benign prostatic hypertrophy or benign prostatic obstruction.

The prostate goes through two main growth periods as a man ages. The first occurs early in puberty , when the prostate doubles in size. The second phase of growth begins around age 25 and continues during most of a man's life. Benign prostatic hyperplasia often occurs with the second growth phase.

As the prostate enlarges, the gland presses against and pinches the urethra. The bladder wall becomes thicker. Eventually, the bladder may weaken and lose the ability to empty completely, leaving some urine in the bladder.

2

What is the prostate?

The prostate is a walnut-shaped gland that is part of the male reproductive system. The main function of the prostate is to make a fluid that goes into semen.

3

What causes benign prostatic hyperplasia?

The cause of benign prostatic hyperplasia is not well understood; however, it occurs mainly in older men. Benign prostatic hyperplasia does not develop in men whose testicles were removed before puberty. For this reason, some researchers believe factors related to aging and the testicles may cause benign prostatic hyperplasia.

4

Who is more likely to develop benign prostatic hyperplasia?

Men with the following factors are more likely to devlop benign prostatic hyperplasia
  • Age 40 years and older
  • Age 40
    years and
    older
  • Family history of BPH
  • Family
    history
    of BPH
  • Medical conditions
  • Medical
    conditions
    such as abesty, heart
    and circulatory disease,
    and type 2 diabates.
  • Lack of 
                                       physical exercise
  • Lack of
    physical
    exercise
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Erectile
    dysfunction
5

What are the symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia?

Lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia may include
  • Urinary
    frequency
  • urination eight or
    more times a day
  • urinary
    urgency
  • the inability to
    delay urination
  • Trouble
    starting
  • a urine stream
  • Interrupted
    urine
  • a weak or an
    interrupted urine
    stream
  • Dribbing
  • at the end of
    urination
  • Nocturia
  • frequent urination
    during periods of
    sleep
  • Urinary
    retention
6

What are the complications of benign prostatic hyperplasia?

The compications of benign prostatic hyperplasia may include
  • 1
  • Acute
    urinary
    retention
  • 2
  • Chromic,
    or long lasting
    urinary retention
  • 3
  • Blood in
    the urine
  • 4
  • Urinary tract
    infections(UTIs)
  • 5
  • Bladder
    damage
  • 6
  • Kidney
    damage
  • 7
  • Bladder
    stones

 

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  • All About
    BPH
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All About BPH

1

What is benign prostatic hyperplasia?

Benign prostatic hyperplasia - also called BPH - is a condition in men in which the prostate gland is enlarged and not cancerous. Benign prostatic hyperplasia is also called benign prostatic hypertrophy or benign prostatic obstruction. The prostate goes through two main growth periods as a man ages. The first occurs early in puberty , when the prostate doubles in size. The second phase of growth begins around age 25 and continues during most of a man's life. Benign prostatic hyperplasia often occurs with the second growth phase. As the prostate enlarges, the gland presses against and pinches the urethra. The bladder wall becomes thicker. Eventually, the bladder may weaken and lose the ability to empty completely, leaving some urine in the bladder.

2

What is the prostate?

The prostate is a walnut-shaped gland that is part of the male reproductive system. The main function of the prostate is to make a fluid that goes into semen.

3

What causes benign prostatic hyperplasia?

The cause of benign prostatic hyperplasia is not well understood; however, it occurs mainly in older men. Benign prostatic hyperplasia does not develop in men whose testicles were removed before puberty. For this reason, some researchers believe factors related to aging and the testicles may cause benign prostatic hyperplasia.

4

Who is more likely to develop benign prostatic hyperplasia?

Men with the following factors are more likely to devlop benign prostatic hyperplasia
  • Age 40 years and older
  • Age 40
    years and
    older
  • Family history of BPH
  • Family
    history
    of BPH
  • Medical conditions
  • Medical
    conditions
    such as abesty, heart
    and circulatory disease,
    and type 2 diabates.
  • Lack of physical exercise
  • Lack of
    physical
    exercise
  • Erectile Erectile
  • Erectile
    ErectileErectile
5

What are the symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia?

Lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia may include
  • Urinary
    frequency
  • urination eight or
    more times a day
  • urinary
    urgency
  • the inability to
    delay urination
  • Trouble
    starting
  • a urine stream
  • Interrupted
    urine
  • a weak or an
    interrupted urine
    stream
  • Dribbing
  • at the end of
    urination
  • Nocturia
  • frequent urination
    during periods of
    sleep
  • Urinary
    retention
6

What are the complications of benign prostatic hyperplasia?

The compications of benign prostatic hyperplasia may include
  • 1
  • Acute
    urinary
    retention
  • 2
  • Chromic,
    or long lasting
    urinary retention
  • 3
  • Blood in
    the urine
  • 4
  • Urinary tract
    infections(UTIs)
  • 5
  • Bladder
    damage
  • 6
  • Kidney
    damage
  • 7
  • Bladder
    stones

 

 

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Facts about BPH

Facts about BPH

enlarged prostate if they live long enough

It has been said that all men will have an enlarged prostate if they live long enough.

risk for cancer

BPH is not cancer, and it does not raise your risk for cancer.

lead to kidney damage

Untreated BPH can lead to kidney damage.

lead to acute urinary retention

Untreated BPH can lead to acute urinary retention.

severe urinary tract infections

BPH can cause severe urinary tract infections.

This website is for informational purposes only. It does not replace the advice or counsel of a doctor or health care professional. Cipla makes every effort to provide information that is accurate and timely, but makes no guarantee in this regard. You should consult with, and rely only on the advice of, your physician or health care professional. No part of this may be reproduced, transmitted or stored in any form or by any means either mechanically or electronically without prior intimation to Cipla. The images and figures used are independently made or used from the internet.
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  1. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Information available on https://www.niddk.nih
    .gov/health-information/urologic-diseases/prostate-
    problems/prostate-enlargement-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia. Last accessed on 22 Sep 2019. Information available at http://slu.adam.com/content.aspx?
    productId=117&pid=1&gid=000381. Last accessed on 28_Sep
    _2018.
  2. Information available at http://slu.adam.com/content.aspx?productId=117&pid=1&gid=000381. Last accessed on 28_
    Sep_2018.
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